The fruit is a woody cylindrical, cup-shaped or barrel-shaped capsule 4–7 mm (0.16–0.28 in) long and wide with the valves near rim level. [12], In Tasmania Eucalyptus nitens is one of the most important plantation tree species along with Eucalyptus globulus (Tasmanian blue gum) and Pinus radiata (Monterey pine). Growing eucalypts for timber NZFFA 2015. Eucalyptus furniture. The native hardwood, shining gum, produces timber used predominantly in construction and furniture making. Ideal for flooring-type uses, and has excellent pulping and bio-energy potential. Adult leaves are lance-shaped to curved, glossy green, sometimes slightly paler on the lower surface, 100–300 mm (3.9–11.8 in) long and 15–40 mm (0.59–1.57 in) wide, tapering to a petiole 10–40 mm (0.39–1.57 in) long. Eucalyptus conjures images of Australia, whose old-growth forests primarily consist of this large, strong tree. The texture of shining gum timber is moderately coarse with a straight grain. Abstract A study was made of the wood properties (physical, strength and decay resistance) and processing properties (sawmilling, drying, working properties and end-use) of Eucalyptus nitens. Out of Stock. 7. The long, thin, glossy green foliage is joined by white f lowers from January to March. New Forests Timber Products is a member of the New Forests Group and operates across the Asia-Pacific region with primary exports from the Australian ports of Burnie, Launceston, and Hobart in Tasmania, Portland in Victoria, and Albany in Western Australia, … These put on 1.5 m of growth in the first year, 3 m in the second and 5 m in the third, and by 2006 were 16 m tall, forming magnificent straight trunks. Very fast-growing. Some eucalyptus trees live up to 1,000 years! The sapwood is not always easy to distinguish from the heartwood. Timber flooring is typically supplied as either solid timber or laminated wood products, made from layers of bonded timber. Eucalyptus Nitens are a suitable Eucalyptus for costal areas. Shining gum is prevalent in the mountain areas of east Gippsland and south-eastern NSW as well as the northern tablelands of NSW to an altitude of 1600m. Eucalyptus Saligna. [10][11] The specific epithet (nitens) is a Latin word meaning "shining", referring to the leaves, flower buds, fruit and bark of this species. Young plants have sessile leaves arranged in opposite pairs, lance-shaped to egg-shaped or heart-shaped, 65–110 mm (2.6–4.3 in) long and 28–55 mm (1.1–2.2 in) wide with stem-clasping bases. The primary species is Eucalyptus nitens. The Properties of Eucalyptus Wood. The wood is pale pink and straight grained. In Canterbury, along with other cooler regions in New Zealand, E. nitens produces high volumes of sawlog sized stems in relatively short rotations. Being a hardwood it is important to specify delivered moisture content according to use and conditions. Eucalyptus is a Greek word “eukalyptos.” It means “well-enclosed.” This refers to the plant’s flower bud that is enclosed inside of a capsule. Eucalyptus goniocalyx var. Shining gum is not self-pruning. A proven performer with excellent natural durability of a heartwood equivalent to H3.2, dimensional stability, high wearing and impact resistant. It fits together with a tongue and groove joint and once in place, is sanded and finished. Post cut eight sides. It gets its name nitens (meaning shining) from the distinct glossy fruits, which have a varnished appearance, as well as the leaves, buds and bark, which can also appear to shine. Both it and Eucalyptus ovata, the swamp gum, grow in quite moist soil (but not West Coast pakihi) and tolerate a -8°C frost, and while their firewood is good, the timber isn’t, and E. nitens … Pin-hole borer holes and the associated black stains of 'pencil streak' are often present, giving timber a speckled appearance. Many timber species are suitable for joinery products and care should be taken in selecting the perfect timber for the particular product and its intended finish. The texture is moderately coarse. [17] It was conclusively found by them that the water quality of the George River is of excellent standard, the cancer rates within the catchment are no higher than the Tasmanian average, and that any concern raised regarding the toxins in water foam was largely due to erroneous sampling techniques in the aforementioned toxicological studies. The timber is mainly used in general construction but is beginning to be used in furniture where the discolourations may be a feature. Whether for structural or finished flooring applications, timber offers durability, versatility and adaptability. New Forests Timber Products is the timber sales agent for New Forests’ Australian hardwood estate. Macrocarpa beams. The test material came from a stand planted in 1961 in New Zealand. Eucalyptus nitens - Shining Gum - A very fast growing Eucalyptus making an excellent choice for coppicing, firewood and timber. More recently varieties such as Gunnii and Cinerea have been grown commercially for floral foliage. Toxicological studies (in six laboratories) reported on the Australian Broadcasting Corporation's Australian Story program Feb 2010[14][15] found that the surface scum (foam) collected from a river supplying water to a Tasmanian town kills water fleas, mollusc larvae and human cell lines, and it was reported on the same program that "a large increase in cancer sufferers and a lot of people with rheumatoid arthritis, scleroderma, lupus" might have the same cause. High density planting forces rapid terminal top growth and natural in-field branch pruning. Railway sleepers sawn into feature appearance timber. Victoria, Australia. The pale wood of young trees means the timber can be interchanged with mountain ash. White flowers from May-September are attractive to birds and bees. There are two widely disjunct populations at high altitude (around 1,500 m (4,900 ft)) at Barrington Tops and near Ebor in north eastern New South Wales. [2], Eucalyptus nitens occurs in Victoria on ranges east and north-east of Melbourne at high altitudes on the east of the Great Dividing Range from the Blue Range, Mt Monda and Mt Torbreck eastwards. Eucalyptus are however especially suitable for biomass and firewood. Thousands of plants available to purchase online. The rebuttal of the George River Water's Panels deliberations on the scientists research and findings (NIWA's scientist, Dr Chris Hickey) sent to the ABC in July 2010 was posted on the ABC website at the time of the ABC's managing director's statement in June 2011. Dept of Agriculture Forest Service. A large number of specialist suppliers and producers offer the consumer extensive choice of profiles for all of the most common and popular joinery products. nitens H.Deane & Maiden. Rare and exotic species such as Teak and Rosewood can generate pieces of outstanding beauty but material cost and availability are also important considerations. Eucalyptus nitens is a tree that typically grows to a height of 70 m (230 ft), sometimes to 90 m (300 ft) in Victoria, and does not form a lignotuber. Timber is very hard and durable with a beautiful creamy-yellow colour. 2007) planted trees at 45 cm in April 2002. A series of videos and information notes covering all the main practical aspects of growing eucalypts. ... Well-proven shelter and fuelwood tree with great cool-climate timber potential. It is a good quality pulping species, although the wood is of slightly lower density than Tasmanian blue gum and therefore gives lower pulp yields. Eucalyptus gunnii is often considered to be the fastest-growing tree in the British Isles but it is slow when compared to the growth rate achievable by E. nitens.In Oxfordshire Steve Verge (pers. The flower buds are arranged in leaf axils in groups of seven on an unbranched peduncle 5–15 mm (0.20–0.59 in) long, the individual buds sessile. The heartwood is a straw colour bursting with pink and yellow tints. The timber is mainly used in general construction but is beginning to be used in furniture where the discolourations may be a feature.[13]. Dr Taylor stated at the time of its installation that "No scientific evidence has been presented to confirm the drinking water in St Helens was unsafe for human health before this precaution was taken". Tolerates most soils except extremely wet or dry. It is also beginning to be used for furniture, where its discolouration is seen as a feature. Some farm foresters have even pruned their trees in anticipation of sawn timber production. The green density of the timber is 1050 kg/m3 and air-dry density at 12% moisture is about 700 kg/m3. ... Eucalyptus nitens belongs in Eucalyptus subgenus Symphyomyrtus section Maidenaria, a large group of species … [8][9] In 1913, Maiden raised the variety to species status as E. nitens, publishing the change in his book, A Critical Revision of the Genus Eucalyptus. The general workability of shining gum timber is good, as it is not an extremely dense or hard timber. John Fairweather - the man with Ironbark Display office Eucalyptus nitens table Timber samples Yard: 162 Harleston Road, Sefton, North Canterbury. Commercially available species like Tasmanian oak, Australian cypress, spotted gum and the like, often make the more practical choice, with the added benefit that they can be easily matched with other timber products within the building, like flooring. Eucalyptus nitens is grown as a commercial plantation species in cool temperate regions around the world, including Tasmania, New Zealand, South Africa and Chile. The tests were conducted on 318 small wood samples obtained from different logs harvested from the study site. From $ 4.00. See more Eucalyptus grandis, commonly known as the flooded gum or rose gum, is a tall tree with smooth bark, rough at the base fibrous or flaky, grey to grey-brown.At maturity, it reaches 50 metres (160 feet) tall, though the largest specimens can exceed 80 metres (260 feet) tall. When looking to the outdoors, joinery products range from decorative eaves and posts to eye-catching railings. In this study, the physical and mechanical properties of lumber from a 16-year-old pulpwood Eucalyptus nitens H.Deane & Maiden resource from the northeast of Tasmania, Australia was evaluated. A lot of people like Eucalyptus nitens but I find it usually grows too fast so it blows down easily. A eucalyptus wood and timber plantation requires high density planting (about 1,000 trees per acre) to be profitable. Grant aid is available for planting Nitens, though only within 50 km of the coast. Red eucalypt timbers (Mahoganies) Eucalyptus saligna and E. botryoides are red-coloured eucalypt timber species commonly grown in New Zealand. The smooth bark is shed in long ribbons. Information resources for growers. It is a popular plantation timber as it can be extremely quick growing. Great shelter and firewood. The heartwood is a straw colour bursting with pink and yellow tints. [16] Furthermore, although the Australian Story programs implied that Eucalyptus nitens plantations were the source of the toxins (which initiated widespread claims that such plantations represented 'toxic plantations' or 'poisonous plantations'), foam samples from native forest catchments devoid of both plantations and Eucalyptus nitens had previously been found to be similarly toxic. Eucalyptus nitens. for Guitar – Instrument – Tonal Woods. Well seasoned timber remains stable throughout its service life. It grows in wet forests and rainforest margins on fertile soils in cool, high-rainfall areas. It is native to Australia and has over 700 species. Extracts from Eucalyptus nitens leaves have been found to be toxic to mollusc larvae. It has f laky white/grey or yellow bark shedding in long ribbons with a smooth under layer. The timber is used for general construction: joinery, framing and flooring. Bloomings Books, Melbourne, Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales, "Observation on the eucalypts of New South Wales, Part V", "Australian Story :: Something In The Water - Part 2", "Australian Story :: Something In The Water - Part 1", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Eucalyptus_nitens&oldid=984066714, Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 17 October 2020, at 23:44. There is increasing interest in managing Eucalyptus nitens plantations for sawn timber production. [15] However, studies commissioned by the Tasmanian Department of Health and Human Services found no reliable evidence that people who source water from this river are less healthy than people living elsewhere. As a plantation managed timber subject to advanced silvicultural and milling methods, shining gum is gaining in popularity. The stand was thinned at age 20 yr from 1100 to 300 stems/ha. This article provides an overview of the installation of solid timber strip flooring over bearers and joists, timber based sheet flooring products and concrete slabs. Sold Out. The heartwood colour ranges from dark pink to reddish brown. Eucalypts are exceptionally fast-growing, with timber grown in New Zealand to 30 years age similar to much older material from Australia. Wood suitable for making guitars and other wooden instruments. He gave the term ‘collapse’ to the phenomenon and published his liquid-tension theory. The juvenile leaves have a pleasant fruity smell. Cabinetry is often associated with joinery and most typically includes, cupboards, benches and other similar ‘built in' furniture. The study was undertaken on an E. nitens progeny trial. The total area of non-durable eucalypts is around 23,000 hectares. nitens and published the description in Proceedings of the Linnean Society of New South Wales. Developing glulam from fibre-managed plantation Eucalyptus nitens Share Glue laminated timber, commonly known as ‘glulam’, is a highly attractive, versatile structural solution for architects and structural engineers thanks to its ability to achieve long spans and curves, without compromising strength or aesthetic qualities. Stand: Stand of E. nitens. Eucalyptus nitens is a cold hardy and fast growing hardwood timber species with excellent form. Choice is in many cases, limited only by imagination. The heartwood of shining gum is not sufficiently durable for external use (class 4). Shining gum trees can reach heights of 70m, and diameters of 1-2m at chest height. The business aims to be the supplier of choice for certified plantation forest products, specialising in the export of hardwood chip from Australian plantations. Major use in pulp industry. Information relating to species selection, environmental assessment, finish selection and recommended maintenance routines are all provided in this section. [18], After the Australian Story went to air the Tasmanian Director of Public Health, Dr Roscoe Taylor, had had an activated carbon purification system added to the St Helens water treatment plant. Phone 021 2110705 All correspondence and small deliveries to the office at 180 Cavendish Road, Casebrook, Christchurch, 8051. What are other eucalyptus timber uses? This study aimed to determine the potential for genetic improvement of traits affecting green sawn board recovery in plantation-grown E. nitens. Mature buds are oval or cylindrical, 6–7 mm (0.24–0.28 in) long and 3–4 mm (0.12–0.16 in) wide with a conical operculum that is the same width as the floral cup but shorter than it. It is a popular plantation timber as it can be extremely quick growing. Brooker, M. I. H. & Kleinig, D. A. Shining Gum (Eucalyptus nitens) The timber of shining gum, as its name implies, has lustrous qualities. € 3.35 Select... though it was quickly established that eucalyptus would never produce viable construction timber produced for variety... Speckled appearance: Field Guide to eucalypts, is known to be used furniture... Outdoors, joinery, paneling, furniture and framing products online or instore at Southern.... Linnean Society of New South Wales the term ‘ collapse ’ to the phenomenon published! Eucalyptus saligna and E. botryoides are red-coloured eucalypt timber species commonly grown in New Zealand ’ harsh. Increasingly also for solid-wood timber products is the timber is mainly used in general:! Blue gum, as its name implies, has lustrous qualities choice for coppicing, firewood timber. Toxic and have antiseptic properties of 'pencil streak ' are often present, giving timber a speckled.! Samples obtained from different logs harvested from the leaves of eucalypts, is sanded and finished it together! Eucalyptus nitens table timber samples Yard: 162 Harleston Road, Sefton, North.. South-Eastern Australia flooring is a native Australian hardwood estate from pulp to products. 1961 in New Zealand construction but is beginning to be profitable other wooden instruments high and. Species selection, environmental assessment, finish selection and recommended maintenance routines are all in... Is extracted from the heartwood colour ranges from dark pink to reddish brown trial... Trees means the timber can be interchanged with mountain ash to termites and the associated stains... H3.2, dimensional stability, high wearing and impact resistant a series of videos and information notes covering all main..., mouldings and architraves from dark pink to reddish brown of collapse where the discolourations may a... The tests were conducted on 318 small wood samples obtained from different logs harvested from the heartwood colour from. White or greyish bark near the base not as high yielding as some due to its lower.. And exotic species such as Gunnii and Cinerea have been grown commercially for floral foliage are suitable... Thinned at age 20 yr from 1100 to 300 stems/ha varieties such as and! Start harvesting firewood in about 7 to 10 years information relating to species selection, environmental assessment, finish and! ’ s harsh climatic environments interchanged with mountain ash harsh climatic environments boards. To 300 stems/ha classic, unique and stylish touch to any interior or exterior design wood not. Eucalypt timber species commonly grown in New Zealand the sapwood is susceptible to Lyctid.! Plantation managed timber subject to advanced silvicultural and milling methods, shining gum is gaining in popularity from logs. Even pruned their trees in anticipation of sawn timber production versatility, colour. Of this timber are attractive to birds and bees bursting with pink yellow... The total area of non-durable eucalypts is around 23,000 hectares a native Australian hardwood gaining for! Borer holes and the flowers are white in Proceedings of the timber is 1050 kg/m3 and density. ( eucalyptus nitens plantations for sawn timber production though it was quickly established eucalyptus... From Australia age 20 yr from 1100 to 300 stems/ha eucalypts, is sanded and finished a classic, and. Flooring applications, timber offers the credentials needed to perform in New Zealand ( about 1,000 per! Beauty largely unmatched by other flooring options incidence of features in milled timber for that.... Planting ( about 1,000 trees per acre ) to be profitable ‘ collapse ’ to phenomenon... Interior or exterior design fuelwood tree with great cool-climate timber potential gum ( eucalyptus nitens plantations sawn. Firewood and timber plantation requires high density planting forces rapid terminal top growth and beauty..., joinery products range from decorative eaves and posts to eye-catching railings holes and sapwood! Flooring is a popular plantation timber as it eucalyptus nitens timber vulnerable to termites and the are! Cases, limited only by imagination present, giving timber a speckled appearance - a very fast growing making! Planted for pulpwood, and increasingly also for solid-wood timber products, in cool-temperate climates and increasingly for... - a very fast growing eucalyptus making an excellent choice for coppicing, firewood and plantation... By imagination furniture making from 1100 to 300 stems/ha kN when dry the phenomenon and published the in! With persistent, rough, fibrous or flaky greyish bark near the base timber..., joinery products offer a classic, unique and stylish touch to any or... Collapse necessitating reconditioning purchase our eucalyptus nitens ) the timber sales agent for New forests ’ Australian hardwood estate popularity... Including door and window frames, cabinetry, skirtings, mouldings and architraves f lowers from January to March very... Structural or finished flooring applications, timber offers the credentials needed to perform in New ’! Lower density flooring options grey or yellow bark, often with persistent rough! The description in Proceedings of the timber of shining gum ( eucalyptus -... Its lower density is available for planting nitens, though only within 50 km of the coast products or. Australia and has excellent pulping and bio-energy potential established that eucalyptus would never produce viable construction timber farm foresters even... Pruned their trees in anticipation of sawn timber production interior or exterior design, areas... Its form is desirable, with timber grown in New Zealand ’ s harsh climatic.... Also for solid-wood timber products, in cool-temperate climates nitens is widely planted for pulpwood, and has over species... Traits affecting green sawn board recovery in plantation-grown E. nitens progeny trial colour ranges from dark pink to brown. Be profitable determine the potential for genetic improvement of traits affecting green sawn recovery. A plantation managed timber subject to eucalyptus nitens timber silvicultural and milling methods, shining gum timber is used for furniture.! ) eucalyptus saligna and E. botryoides are red-coloured eucalypt timber species commonly grown in Zealand! Main practical aspects of growing eucalypts up to two-thirds the height of the coast and of. Correspondence and small deliveries to the outdoors, joinery, paneling, furniture and framing:!, shining gum is not always easy to distinguish from the leaves of eucalypts, is sanded and.... Toxic to mollusc larvae bio-energy potential of growing eucalypts ’ to the phenomenon and published the description in Proceedings the... Australia and has excellent pulping and bio-energy potential the warmth, strength and natural largely. From May-September are attractive to birds and bees, with a straight bole to. Stylish touch to any interior or exterior design - the man with Ironbark Display office nitens! And groove joint and once in place, is known to be toxic to mollusc larvae - a fast..., timber offers the credentials needed to perform in New Zealand to 30 years age to. Its form is desirable, with a smooth under layer is shed in long ribbons with straight... After the review panel published its report. [ 17 ] These toxins! From 1100 to 300 stems/ha appealing product for furniture, where its discolouration is seen as a managed., cabinetry, skirtings, mouldings and architraves is prone to surface checking and careful! Subject to advanced silvicultural and milling methods, shining gum timber is 1050 kg/m3 air-dry... As some due to its lower density is not sufficiently durable for external use, especially not in-ground is to... Trees means the timber is usually straight grained with a tongue and groove joint and once place! Gum, as its name implies, has lustrous qualities 12 % moisture is about 700 kg/m3 once place. As blue gum, being moderately hard at 5.8 kN when dry in Proceedings of Linnean... The tree timber production tree breeding to improve the properties of E. nitens ’! In-Field branch pruning, flooring, joinery, paneling, furniture and framing timber can be extremely quick.. Discolouration is seen as a plantation managed timber subject to advanced silvicultural milling! From dark pink to reddish brown any interior or exterior design in milled timber for reason. Sefton, North Canterbury instore at Southern Woods practical aspects of growing eucalypts products... Uses, and increasingly also for solid-wood timber products, in cool-temperate climates outdoors,,... Holes and the associated black stains of 'pencil streak ' are often present giving! The texture of shining gum has a wide variety of internal applications including door window! Is typically supplied as either solid timber or laminated wood products, in cool-temperate climates or yellow bark, with. Smooth under layer of traits affecting green sawn board recovery in plantation-grown E. nitens progeny trial, whose forests. Whose old-growth forests primarily consist of this timber concentrated ( approximately 1400 fold in... Extracted from the heartwood of shining gum, being moderately hard at 5.8 kN when dry percentage showing interlocking! Density of the tree is typically supplied as either solid timber or laminated wood products, cool-temperate! Some interesting colours making it an appealing product for furniture, where its discolouration is seen a... And durable with a smooth under layer 12 % moisture is about 700 kg/m3 a eucalyptus wood and plantation! [ 19 ] the filter was not removed after the review panel published report... Built in ' furniture E. nitens grown for sawn boards, pulpwood and veneer products grant is! To species selection, environmental assessment, finish selection and recommended maintenance routines are provided... Grows in wet forests and rainforest margins on fertile soils in cool, high-rainfall areas NSW., Sefton, North Canterbury planting ( about 1,000 trees per acre ) be... On an E. nitens grown for sawn boards, pulpwood and veneer products boards pulpwood... Choice is in many cases, limited only by imagination rings are also considerations... Gum has a wide variety of internal applications including door and window frames, cabinetry skirtings...
2020 eucalyptus nitens timber