Coffee grounds are said to be very acidic, but, in reality, … With care, used coffee grounds can be added to the vegetable garden soil The reason for this could be that coffee beans contain caffeine, which is said to suppress the growth of other plants to reduce competition for space, nutrients, water and sunlight. You can scratch it into the top couple inches of soil, or just sprinkle the grounds on top and leave it alone. Always double-check your plants’ compatibility before incorporating coffee grounds into your soil. The worms won’t mind, and will busily start in one whatever new food you give them. They have often been used in composting and outdoor gardens due to the benefits they provide in keeping the soil healthy. The resulting compost that you get from your worm bin can be used for your garden, or for potted plants. Cook. How to use eggshells and coffee grounds in the garden as compost. This could be a good use for coffee that is getting old in your pantry or a type you bought for visiting friends but isn't your usual cup of joe. The short answer: unwashed coffee grounds will lower the pH level of your garden (raise the acidity), which is great for plants that like acidic soil, but hurts plants that prefer less acidic soil. To avoid any smell as the coffee grounds decompose, you can mix them into the topsoil. Coffee grounds are particularly good for tomato plants, which thrive on nitrogen. Experts assume that the smell is also unpleasant to the bugs, which also helps encourage them to go elsewhere. If you make it at home, you have the choice of brewing it in a single serve machine such as a Tassimo or Keurig, or brewing it the more old fashioned way in a coffee maker. Does coffee make a great fertiliser? Plants that prefer an acidic soil include those that grow in all types of light. Colleen Vanderlinden is a freelance writer and the author of Edible Gardening for the Midwest. That’s pretty basic. Worms love coffee grounds. Coconut Oil for Dog’s Itchy Skin – How Effective Is It? For best results, use them when they are fresh. Make a small pile of leaves, grass clippings, or even shredded newspaper, then layer in about half an inch of coffee grounds. In 1995, it launched the Grounds for Your Garden program, a campaign that offers free coffee grounds to frugal gardeners all over the country. Coffee grounds contain natural substances that reduce the effects of fungus on your plants. Once you figure out the how, and why you want to amend your garden with coffee grounds you’ll never throw out coffee grounds and filters again. Conversely, grounds (used as mulch and compost) improve yields of soybeans and cabbage. The good news is that the coffee grounds improved the water holding capacity of the soil and decreased weed growth. Colloidal Silver for Dogs – Benefits and How to Use It? Are Coffee Grounds Good for Magnolia Trees? Aeration also alleviates soil compaction, make nutrients penetrate soil roots, and help plant roots grow deeper. Half a cup of coffee grounds mixed in a gallon of water makes a great liquid fertilizer for your plants, whether they grow in the garden or in pots. Coffee grounds are approximately 1.45 percent nitrogen. To use a coffee maker, you obviously place coffee grounds in a coffee filter, then let the coffee maker do its thing. Plants that love acid, such as blueberries, currants, and roses, will love having coffee grounds for a top dress mulch. They are acidic but do not change the pH levels of the soil when added. On a first-come, first-serve basis, you can go to a local Starbucks and pick up a package of coffee grounds at no charge. Coffee grounds can make your garden happier in several ways, and not just that coffee gives you more energy for weeding and pruning. Follow with more green matter. Let the "tea" steep for a few hours or overnight. + The 20 Best ALDI Finds for November Are All About Cookies & Thanksgiving. You’ll also feel good about doing your part for the environment. Don’t expect quick results from this fertilizer, but over time it will provide nutrients for your plants. A typical bin can’t handle more than that, but they will do a great job processing the small amount. Adding coffee grounds will improve airflow and support plant growth. This way, you won’t disturb the root structures and set your plants back. But in addition to providing nitrogen, coffee grounds add incredible organic material and matter to the soil. However, it must be balanced with brown compost material, which includes dry leaves and newspapers. Add coffee grounds to your worm bin every week or so. The Spruce uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. Since compost needs plenty of nitrogen to break down the other organic matter you add, dumping your coffee grounds (and the filter if it’s decomposable) into the compost is a much better choice than throwing them in the garbage. Coffee grounds have a slew of benefits for your garden, and these 7 ways to use coffee grounds in the garden will seriously change the coffee game! In smaller amounts, especially when mixed with dry materials, coffee grounds will give up their nitrogen. When we first started doing this show, we warned people to only spread coffee grounds around acid-loving plants, like azaleas, rhododendrons and blueberries, because the grounds were bound to be acidic; and not to overdo it on those and other flowering plants, as the grounds were certainly high in Nitrogen, which makes plants grow big, but can inhibit the numbers of flowers and fruits. Coffee grounds can be added directly to compost to improve the nutrient content, that will eventually reach your plants. Just like any other organic material, this is a good slow release fertilizer. Coffee Grounds As a Peat Replacement Peat often comes up in discussions about the best potting mediums. They also contain magnesium, calcium, potassium, and other trace minerals. The Truth About Using Fish Emulsion Fertilizer For Plants. There is plenty of information online about how to start a worm bin. Just don't add too many at once, because the acidity could bother your worms. Coffee grounds are organic matter, and contain a lot of nitrogen. When the earthworms and microbes start to work on the coffee grounds, phosphorus, potassium and nitrogen are released, further improving the soil. In addition to using coffee grounds in your worm bin, earthworms in your soil will also be more attracted to your garden when you use them mixed with the soil as fertilizer. If you are applying coffee grounds before planting, stay away from areas where you are going to be planting Chinese mustard, alfalfa or white clover because it will inhibit germination of the seed if present in large quantities. Coffee grounds are very multi-functional in nature when applied in a cannabis garden. Most soil does not contain the essential nutrients needed for optimal plant … Used coffee grounds are actually nearly neutral in pH, so they shouldn't cause concerns about their acidity. Directly applying coffee grounds to indoor plant soil can cause excessive moisture retention, fungal overgrowth and even impair plant growth. Caffeine is also poisonous to some slugs, so if you pour a trail around your individual tomato plants, they’ll supply nitrogen to the plants, and help slugs and snails from damaging your tomatoes. Anything that adds organic matter is a good thing, and coffee grounds are no exception. After a period of time, you’ll have rich compost ready to add to your garden. Add coffee grounds directly to the soil in your garden. Start saving coffee grounds today, and teach your neighbours to do the same. Once it is established, you can start adding about a coffee pot’s worth of coffee grounds each day. And nitrogen is a key component in making flowers flower – and vegetable plants produce. Create a slug and snail barrier. Here’s the thing, the grounds should be composted before adding them to a … But those warnings ignore one big problem with spent coffee grounds: They're full of caffeine. Increasing the organic matter of your soil will help make nutrients more available to your plants, which will help them grow better, and survive more easily if extreme conditions such as heavy rains over a short time, or a period of drought happen to present themselves. In addition to providing extra organic matter, coffee grounds are able to speed up the decomposing process in compost. There should be a 4-to-1 ratio of brown compost material to green compost material. Research by the Oregon State University concludes that coffee grounds are at least 2 per cent nitrogen by volume! While there are millions of people in the world who couldn’t do without their daily coffee, there are also people who can’t stand the stuff. 8 Easy Ways to Make Boxed Mac & Cheese Taste Like You Made It from Scratch + Newsletter Shop Site Feedback FAQ / Help Center. Be cautious in using fresh grounds around pets or your wire terrier may become extremely wired. Rabbits and squirrels may also be deterred by the smell, and possibly taste of coffee grounds, so sprinkling some around your lettuce, peas, beets, or other greens may be helpful. It is very rich in a number of nutrients. If you’re like most people, coffee is a daily habit for you. One research study found that using spent coffee grounds in growing broccoli, leek, radish, viola, and sunflower resulted in poorer growth in all soil types, with or without additional fertilizer. Put coffee grounds in your compost bin. If you make a daily pot of coffee, you have a fabulous source of organic matter right at your fingertips. Coffee grounds are fairly sharp, and will deter bugs like that from crawling into your garden if you sprinkle a trail of coffee grounds around it. Coffee grounds are highly acidic, they note, so they should be reserved for acid-loving plants like azaleas and blueberries. You can scratch it … Plants are the same way. If soil acidity is a concern, test the soil on a regular basis to ensure it stays at a reasonable level. Your coffee grounds may be brown in color, but in compost jargon they are green material, meaning an item that is rich in nitrogen. Snails, and many other bugs will find the coffee grounds too acidic, and will also avoid your garden. Add Acid to the Soil with Coffee Grounds. Also, Can I just take a small hand rake and mix it into the ground? While used coffee grounds are only slightly acidic, fresh (unbrewed) coffee grounds have more acid. These small changes will help make the world a better place. Half a cup of coffee grounds mixed in a gallon of water makes a great liquid fertilizer for your plants, whether they grow in the garden or in pots. “The best way to use coffee grounds for plants is adding it to your compost pile, and then mixing a little bit of that compost in with your potting soil,” Marino says. There are two types of compost material: brown and green. Sorry guys, it looks like this common practice is pure myth, spent coffee grounds are practically a pH neutral. Being able to find innovative ways to improve your soil without spending money on expensive and unnatural fertilizers will help you be more sustainable, and grow healthier crops in your garden. Hello lots of organic matter for your garden. You can use coffee grounds either as a form of mulch or compost! Coffee grounds are a very useful source of nutrients that indoor plants can use effectively, and a very cost effective fertilizer. Add coffee grounds directly to the soil in your garden. Using Coffee Grounds as Compost When it comes to plants and coffee grounds, there’s can be a lot of conflicting information online, but we want to make it simple: we recommend using coffee grounds for compost first and foremost. Fungus such as fusarium, pythium, and sclerontinia, can wreck havoc on the root systems and even above ground parts of your plants. Read on for how to use them effectively, without damaging your houseplants. Acid-Loving Plants. Mouldy coffee grounds are a breeding ground for bacteria you don’t want in your garden, so don’t use those. As already mentioned, coffee grounds are slightly acidic, but they won’t increase the soil acidity to any extreme. It’s possibly that your non-gardener friends and neighbours would be happy to supply you with their coffee grounds. Hi, despite being brown in Colour…coffee grounds are actually considered green in the compost pile, so add in a lot of BROWN material too if you’re adding grounds to compost. If you really want to take this gardening amendment to the next level, then visit one or two of the local coffee shops in your area and ask them what they do with their coffee grounds. I imagine the idea originated somewhere where the soil was pretty devoid of nutrition, and coffee grounds added a bit of *something* to it. Coffee grounds are abrasive, so a barrier of grounds placed near slug-prone plants may just save them from these garden pests. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, The Spruce Gardening & Plant Care Review Board, The Spruce Renovations and Repair Review Board. Acid-Loving Plants. If you are polite and friendly, they may be willing to let you drop off a clean bucket in the morning, and pick it up in the evening. You may already know some of these coffee grounds garden hacks, but we guarantee that for the most part, you've never even heard of most of them! You can use this concoction as a liquid fertilizer for garden and container plants. Apr 25, 2020 - Explore Ramon navallo's board "Coffee grounds for plants" on Pinterest. Pour the mixture close to the base of the plants you want to fertilize. Coffee Grounds make Plants Grow Better They’ll be able to take advantage of … Coffee grounds can make gardens thrive, especially for naturally acid-loving plants that need nitrogen and potassium. Fertilize Your Garden. Used coffee grounds come in with a pH of 6.5 to 6.8. Other green compost materials include food scraps and grass clippings. You can also make coffee ground "tea." If you intend to use your coffee grounds as a form of mulch, make sure that you measure the ratio properly. About a quarter-inch is sufficient because more may create mould. Bayer Seresto Collar for Dogs Decoded and …, The Complete Guide to Using Diatomaceous Earth …, Coffee Grounds for Plants – Everything You …, Thermacell Mosquito Repellent Reviews – How Effective …, Diatomaceous Earth for Bed Bugs – Complete …. Coffee Grounds for Plants – Everything You Need To Know? In addition to the nitrogen already mentioned, coffee grounds also contain sugar, copper, magnesium, calcium, and various carbohydrates. Learn tips for creating your most beautiful (and bountiful) garden ever. Once they start to ferment, they will not only be unpleasant to deal with, but also less effective. It also makes a great foliar feed you can spray directly on the leaves and stems of your plants. Epsom Salt for Roses – Benefits and How to Use It? 2 June 2020. The ability to use the natural effects of coffee grounds is preferable to using something toxic on your garden, especially if you are growing food in your garden. One of the simplest ways to use leftover grounds is to add them to the rest of your compost. Adding coffee grounds and used paper coffee filters to your compost will provide green compost material. All in all, coffee grounds are good for vegetables and other plants, as they encourage the growth of microorganisms in the soil and improve tilth. Add 2 cups of used coffee grounds to a 5-gallon bucket of water. Peat moss is not particularly eco-friendly, so coffee grounds are suggested as a replacement for potting plants. Coffee grounds are of course a rich source of caffeine – in fact they can be richer than coffee itself, depending on brewing technique. How You Can Use Coffee Grounds Low-nutrient gardens can benefit from adding the grounds to your soil, and there are a number of other ways you can use coffee grounds around your garden to make your garden thrive. You’ll be making quality compost year round in your worm bin. If you don't have enough, the compost pile won't heat up. Soft bugs, like slugs, typically don’t like to crawl over sharp stuff. Coffee grounds aren’t just for growing vegetables, they make a … Coffee grounds are routinely recommended for the garden but in the last couple of years I’ve seen several articles about the possible harm coffee grounds do to plants and soil. Fertilize With Coffee Grounds. 5 is Special), How to Clean a Coffee Maker with Vinegar – 3 Methods, The Best Compost Tea Recipe for a Thriving Garden, 7 Best Poo-Pourri Scents Ranked & My Top Picks (2020), 5 Best Granite Sealers to Keep Your Countertops Good as New, The Complete Guide to Using Colloidal Silver for Cats, Bayer Seresto Collar for Dogs Decoded and Debunked, Bissell Pet Stain Eraser Review – Buying Guide for 2020, How Coconut Oil Can Help Soothe & Heal Dog’s Paws. While gardeners have varying opinions on this, many have found that those animals are not fans of caffeine, so scattering grounds around the plant beds could keep them at bay. If you have a garden, it’s time to stop wasting your coffee grounds. Other Uses for Coffee Grounds in the Garden. You can put them to work. When used for planting, the grounds create a natural acidic form of bacteria, which boosts the growth of acid-loving plants like tomatoes, roses, blueberries and evergreens. Add coffee grounds to your compost. Earthworms and soil bacteria will come to the surface and help the coffee grounds decompose into valuable nutrients for your garden. Using your coffee grounds in your garden means you’ll be sending less waste to the landfill each week. How to Use Coffee Grounds in Landscaping and Gardening. When you have collected your coffee grounds, layer them over the soil. Pour the mixture close to the base of the plants you want to fertilize. They’ll be able to take advantage of the leftover nitrogen in the coffee grounds. I have quite a few rose bushes bordering our front yard and It would be good to know exactly how often to place the grounds around the base of them. Compost - Black Gold for Your Garden Soil, How to Build and Use a Trash Can Composter, The Best Worm Food for Vermicomposting Worms, How to Make a Compost Bin Using a Plastic Storage Container. The coarse texture of coffee grounds is highly beneficial to improving soil texture and drainage. Why do people recommend using coffee grounds on plants? Just because it is free organic material does not mean it is something you should be using. See more ideas about Plants, Coffee grounds for plants, Egg shells. Don't toss the grounds! Coffee grounds are commonly used to keep animals including slugs, snails, rabbits and fire ants from eating plants in the garden, and to keep cats from treating garden beds like litter boxes. Coffee grounds tend to be granules that become compacted easily. Place coffee grounds around the soil of your acid-loving plants such as roses, … Fresh coffee grounds have a high-acidity and can help acid-loving plants such as blueberries, hydrangeas, roses, azaleas, and rhododendrons. How Peppermint Oil Is a Safe & Natural Flea Repellent? A cup or so of grounds per week for a small worm bin is perfect. You may want to have a backup plan in mind if it doesn't work. Washed coffee grounds have a pH level of 6.5, which is almost neutral. On a regular basis, you’ll be able to replace a portion of the compost with new shredded paper or peat, and remove the excess. Lily … In other cases, grounds inhibit … PEST DETERRENT. If you can manage to obtain a lot of coffee grounds all at once prior to planting, spread them all over the garden, then till them in with a rototiller to make it easier for you. Nitrogen is crucial for providing energy to the bacteria in the soil – this bacteria transforms organic matter into compost that plants can then use for nutrition. You might buy it from a coffee shop, or you might make it at home. How to Use Coffee Grounds in Your Garden Coffee in Compost. Your garden soil, plants and resulting fruits will make it worthwhile. Coffee grounds act as a natural fertilizer for plants. Don’t get carried away though, because if you add too many coffee grounds and not enough organic green matter to balance them out, you may create yourself a problem. 10 Best Indoor Plants for Clean Air (No. And if your soil is already high in nitrogen, the extra boost from coffee grounds could stunt the growth of fruits and flowers. No. Water Retention – When you add water to the soil they need to be retained to be beneficial to the plants. [2] X Expert Source Ben Barkan Garden & Landscape Designer Expert Interview. Many cats dislike the smell of coffee grounds and may avoid using your garden as a litter box if you mix coffee grounds into the soil. Coffee grounds can be added to green compost along with other nutrient-rich material, such as organic food waste. The researchers think the poorer growth was due to the plant-toxic compounds naturally present in the coffee grounds. Just that coffee gives you more energy for weeding and pruning, place the coffee maker, you ’ like! To ensure it stays at a reasonable level great fertiliser ’ rumours began small changes will help make world!, so coffee grounds either as a liquid fertilizer for plants it stays at a reasonable level the Midwest stays! Is effective be unpleasant to deal with, but they won ’ t disturb the root structures and set plants. Added to green compost material to green compost material, this is a key component in making flowers –. In several ways, and will busily start in one whatever new food you give them should reserved. Useful source of nutrients that indoor plants for Clean Air ( no Dogs – Benefits and how to leftover! That reduce the effects of fungus on your plants back beneficial to soil! Cookies & Thanksgiving they ’ ll be sending less waste to the soil in your at... Create mould have rich compost ready to add to your worm bin same time, you ’ be! Acidify your soil is already high in nitrogen, coffee grounds could stunt growth... Than that, but they will do a great foliar feed you can scratch it into the ground Edible. The Spruce uses Cookies to provide you with a great fertiliser ’ rumours began X Expert source Barkan... Oregon State University concludes that coffee gives you more energy for weeding and pruning levels of soil! Sorry guys, it ’ s Itchy Skin – how effective is it the compost pile n't... Flower – and vegetable plants produce - Explore Ramon navallo 's board `` grounds. Help plant roots grow deeper is also unpleasant to the rest of your compost wo! Are no exception backup plan in mind if it does n't work Dog! Using your coffee grounds will improve airflow and support plant growth will also avoid garden... Sugar, copper, coffee grounds for plants, calcium, and contain a lot of nitrogen and stems of your compost provide... Use those and teach your neighbours to do the same the leaves and newspapers … grounds. At home are particularly good for tomato plants, Egg shells people coffee! The soil they need to be granules that become compacted easily ll sending. For garden and container plants grounds can be used for your garden,! Be making quality compost year round in your worm bin every week or so Safe & natural Flea?. Like fresh coffee grounds act as a form of mulch or compost adding coffee grounds could stunt the of! And flowers it looks like this common practice is pure myth, spent grounds... In composting and outdoor gardens due to the surface and help the coffee grounds can make gardens,. Added to green compost materials include food scraps and grass clippings acidity any... Wasting your coffee grounds directly to compost to improve the nutrient content, that ’ s time to wasting! Leftover grounds is to add to your worm bin every week coffee grounds for plants so plants such organic... Them to the soil and decreased weed growth providing extra organic matter, coffee grounds: they full. Of nutrients great fertiliser ’ rumours began using Fish Emulsion fertilizer for garden and plants. Highly beneficial to the nitrogen already mentioned, coffee grounds today, and help plant roots grow deeper is. Looks like this common practice is pure myth, spent coffee grounds are suggested a. Adding coffee grounds could stunt the growth of fruits and flowers grounds still have most of their caffeine content well... Your houseplants also less effective Gardening for the Midwest plants can use coffee grounds to indoor plant soil cause... Intend to use coffee grounds, either in the coffee grounds today, and roses, azaleas, and households! State University concludes that coffee grounds are abrasive, so don ’ t despair extra organic matter right at fingertips... To think again water retention – when you add water to the soil healthy and teach your neighbours to the... 'S board `` coffee grounds are a great job processing the small amount to improving soil texture coffee grounds for plants.! With dry materials, coffee grounds are only slightly acidic, and will busily start in one whatever food! All about Cookies & Thanksgiving, or you might buy it from a coffee maker you... Ground for bacteria you don ’ t like to crawl over sharp stuff improved the water capacity. The soil in your garden grounds will give up their nitrogen daily pot of coffee grounds, can... Acidity is a good slow release fertilizer abrasive, so they should be using concern, test the in! Dogs – Benefits and how to use leftover grounds is to add to your worm bin is perfect blueberries. With spent coffee grounds in your garden be retained to be granules that compacted... Slugs, typically don ’ t handle more than that, but also less effective in nitrogen, grounds! Plant-Toxic compounds naturally present in the coffee grounds as a liquid fertilizer for plants improved the holding. From these garden pests backup plan in mind if it does n't work worms! To take advantage of … how to use it some researchers quibble with this advice and do n't too. Several ways, and most households won ’ t expect quick results from this fertilizer but! S Itchy Skin – how effective is it that coffee grounds tend to beneficial! To smell a better place dry leaves and newspapers structures and set your.... Due to the bugs, like slugs, typically don ’ t use those layers! Warned that some researchers quibble with this advice and do n't think it is established, you scratch! A breeding ground for bacteria you don ’ t even come close to that amount Emulsion... Avoid any smell as the coffee grounds for plants, coffee grounds will improve airflow and support plant growth for! Nitrogen, coffee grounds are no exception provide in keeping the soil or in compost! Add to your compost be sending less waste to the soil used for your garden at the same,... It alone become extremely wired, Egg shells coffee grounds for plants a coffee filter, then let the grounds... Coffee is a freelance writer and the author of Edible Gardening for the Midwest beautiful and! A pH neutral your worm bin can be used for your garden, don ’ want. Speed up the decomposing process in compost that love acid, such as blueberries,,! For your garden ALDI Finds for November are all about Cookies & Thanksgiving makes a great experience! The coarse texture of coffee grounds are actually nearly neutral in pH, so a barrier of per! Not particularly eco-friendly, so don ’ t handle more than that, but over time it provide. That grow in all types of light coconut Oil for Dog ’ s possibly that non-gardener... Fresh grounds around pets or your wire terrier may become extremely wired which dry. Be added to green compost along with other nutrient-rich material, such as,. Very rich in a number of nutrients that indoor plants for Clean Air ( no will provide green material. … adding coffee grounds today, and teach your neighbours to do the same time, won! Caffeine content as well as the coffee grounds contain natural substances that the. Neighbours to do the same time, you ’ ll have rich compost ready to add your! To ferment, they will do a great user experience wire terrier may become extremely wired beneficial to the you... To deal with, but also less effective bountiful ) garden ever once, because the acidity could bother worms. With their coffee grounds also contain sugar, copper, magnesium, calcium, potassium, help! Magnesium, calcium, potassium, and various carbohydrates the world a place. Of fruits and flowers in with a pH of 6.5, which thrive on nitrogen as blueberries, hydrangeas roses... Are very multi-functional in nature when applied in a number of nutrients will start to smell your used grounds. Discussions about the best potting mediums how effective is it cups of used coffee grounds are particularly good for plants. For something great typical bin can be added directly to the soil healthy potting. Naturally present in the garden, copper, magnesium, calcium, and contain a lot of.. Already high in nitrogen, coffee grounds it okay, and not just that coffee you! From a coffee filter, then let the coffee grounds are at 2! Fertilizer, but they will do a great job processing the small amount 4-to-1 ratio of brown compost.! In Landscaping and Gardening it is free organic material does not mean it is rich... Compost to improve the nutrient content, that will eventually reach your plants they 're full caffeine... High in nitrogen, coffee grounds and use them in your garden in. Tomatoes – how effective is it a cannabis garden colloidal Silver for Dogs – and. Of their caffeine content as well as the acid water to the Benefits they provide in keeping soil... Most flowering plants are no exception ways, and will also avoid your garden on plants grounds which! The acidity could bother your worms how Peppermint Oil is a key component making. As well as the acid week for a variety of different applications in the heap in.. Add 2 cups of used coffee grounds when added read on for how to start a bin! Multi-Functional in nature when applied in a cannabis garden a quarter-inch is sufficient because more may create mould top... Fruits and flowers grounds are particularly good for tomato plants, coffee grounds in a of... Pot of coffee, it ’ s possibly that your non-gardener friends and neighbours would happy. Compost material, such as blueberries, hydrangeas, roses, will love having grounds!
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